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Additional information on exotic species is available online from IAGLR, including scientific articles in the Journal of Great Lakes Research and contact information for experts.


A science translation publication prepared by a special committee convened by the International Association for Great Lakes Research under the auspices of a grant from The Joyce Foundation to strengthen the science-policy linkage in the Great Lakes Basin.

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Executive Summary

  1. Introduction
  2. Background Information
    1. How Many Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Are There In The Great Lakes?
    2. How Are Nonindigenous Species Getting Into The Great Lakes?
    3. Where Are These Organisms (Species) Coming From?
    4. What Effect Are These Organisms Having On The Great Lakes?
  3. Issues and Priorities
    1. Prevention - The #1 Priority
    2. Identification and Management of Other Vectors
    3. Interdiction
    4. Control and Eradication
    5. Rapid Response vs. Rapid Scientific Assessment
    6. Regional Cooperation
    7. International Cooperation
  4. Conclusions and Recommendations
  5. Acknowledgements
  6. References


For more information on the scientific content of this publication, please contact Dr. David Reid of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Great Lakes Environment Research Laboratory, Dr. Hugh MacIsaac of the University of Windsor's Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, or Dr. John Gannon of the International Joint Commission. For more information about the Great Lakes Science-Policy Initiative, contact Initiative Director Dr. John Hartig.

Further Information

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